The 2000 Education for All (EFA) Framework for Action states that “gender-based discrimination remains one of the most intractable constraints to realizing the right to education. Without overcoming this obstacle, Education for All cannot be achieved” (Dakar, 2000). Fifteen years later, although the context has changed, attention to gender issues remains a key component of the global agenda. At the 2015 World Education Forum in Incheon, Korea,
representatives issued a declaration reaffirming the vision of EFA initiated in Jomtien in 1990 and reiterated in Dakar in 2000. The Education 2030 declaration articulates a continued vision of achieving inclusive and equitable quality education and lifelong learning for all. This vision explicitly recognizes the importance of “gender equality in achieving the right to education for all” (Incheon, 2015). The Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) confirm and amplify the strong connection between gender equality and education; SDG Target 4.5 specifically calls for the elimination of gender disparities in education and equal access for all, and the broader 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development goes further to underscore the centrality and mutual dependence of education and gender equality. Achieving gender equality requires a rights-based approach that ensures that girls and boys, women and men not only gain access to and complete education cycles, but are empowered equally in and through education.